In 1956, Dr Alex Moulton formed the consultancy company Moulton Developments, through which he would do most of his design work on both bicycles and automotive suspensions.
Alex Moulton had met Alec Issigonis in the early 1950s, when they worked together on the Alvis motor car. When Issigonis began working at BMC (British Motor Corporation), his cars incorporated Alex Moulton’s suspension designs.
The first BMC car to feature the Moulton suspension was the iconic Mini. The brief was to produce a car that was compact and efficient. The space saving suspension used simple, compact rubber cones rather than conventional springs.
The Hydrolastic suspension appeared in the BMC project ADO16 cars such as the 1100, 1300, Allegro and others. It was also fitted to the Mini from 1964.